Scrum is an iterative and incremental Agile framework for delivering successful projects.
Scrum is the most popular Agile framework. It is an adaptive, iterative, fast, flexible, and effective methodology designed to deliver significant value quickly and throughout a project.
Scrum ensures transparency in communication and creates an environment of collective accountability and continuous progress. The Scrum framework, as described in the Scrum Body of Knowledge Guide (SBOK™), is structured in such a way that it supports product and service development in all types of industries and in any type of project, irrespective of its complexity.
A Scrum project involves a collaborative effort to create a new product, service, or other result as defined in the Project Vision Statement. Projects are impacted by constraints of time, cost, scope, quality, resources, organizational capabilities, and other limitations that make them difficult to plan, execute, manage, and ultimately succeed. However, successful implementation of the results of a finished project provides significant business benefits to an organization. It is therefore important for organizations to select and practice an appropriate project delivery methodology.
A key strength of Scrum lies in its use of cross-functional, self-organized, and empowered teams who divide and execute their work in short, concentrated work cycles called Sprints. The focus of Scrum on value-driven delivery helps Scrum Teams deliver results as early in the project as possible.
Scrum vs. Traditional Project Management
Traditional project management emphasizes on conducting detailed upfront planning for the project with emphasis on fixing the scope, cost and schedule - and managing those parameters. Whereas, Scrum encourages data-based, iterative decision making in which the primary focus is on delivering products that satisfy customer requirements.
To deliver the greatest amount of value in the shortest amount of time, Scrum promotes prioritization and Time-boxing over fixing the scope, cost and schedule of a project. An important feature of Scrum is self-organization, which allows the individuals who are actually doing the work to estimate and take ownership of tasks.